The success of mesothelioma treatments depends on the stage of the cancer at the time of detection. Physicians follow several treatment methods, both traditional and modern. Conventional therapies include surgery, radiation and medications like chemotherapy or a combination of two or three of these. More than two-thirds of stage-1 and stage-2 mesothelioma patients usually get their lives extended by five years or more, and surgery itself has succeeded in doing the same in around sixteen percent of all cases. Surgery involves removing the cancerous growth through surgical incisions. The most common surgery here is the decortication or pleurectomy in which the chest lining is removed. The extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP), which removes the lining around the lung, inside the chest, the hemi-diaphragm and pericardium, is less common.

Surgical procedure involves removing the cancerous growth through incisions. Decortication or pleurectomy is the commonly used surgery in which the removal of chest lining is done. The surgery which removes the lining around the lungs, inside the chest, the hemi-diaphragm and pericardium is called the Extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP). This kind of surgery is not widely used.

If the disease is confined to a particular area, radiation is the best possible treatment available. It is also used after the operation as a consolidating treatment. The entire hemi-thorax is made to undergo radiation at times in consonance with chemotherapy. Thousands of mesothelioma patients are benefited out of these treatment processes. The preventive function of radiation ensures the stoppage of malignant cell from being spread. Chemotherapy, despite of its drawbacks has emerged as the best mesothelioma treatment in the present days. The treatment procedure is not so hard as radiation or surgery. But it is a lengthy process, physically and emotionally difficult for the patients to bear.

Immunotherapy, which strives to improve the immune response, has yielded vacillating results so far. Heated Intraoperative Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy, in which drugs are heated to a certain degree of temperature before being administered, helps improved penetration of anti-cancer drugs. Researches are on to find alternative and more effective mesothelioma treatments.

The extent of the disease, the age of the patient and his or her overall health are taken into consideration before starting treatment. Before starting the process, the patient needs to find out the best suitable treatment, its costs, advantages or disadvantages of the treatment strategy followed, risk factors and chances of survival. In cases where aggressive mesothelioma treatments are impossible, palliative treatment, which treats only the symptoms and not the root cause, is followed.

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