Mesothelioma is a form of cancer that is nearly always caused by getting exposed to asbestos. In this illness, malignant cells develop in the mesothelium, a protective lining that covers the majority of the body’s internal organs. Its commonest site is the pleura ( outer lining of the lungs and internal chest wall ), but it could also occur in the peritoneum ( the lining of the abdominal cavity ), the heart, the pericardium ( a sac that surrounds the heart ) or tunica vaginalis.

A person who has developed mesothelioma cancer is described in medical jargon as a mesothelioma patient. This type of cancer is rare and usually detected only at advanced stages and these two factors combine to make the cancer much deadlier than most tumors. In most cases, a person gets affected after inhaling air filled with asbestos particles for prolonged periods. Mostly, it is workers employed in asbestos extraction or companies using asbestos as raw material who are affected, but family members of such workers and people staying near asbestos mines can also contract this deadly disease.

A mesothelioma patient has the right of law to ask for compensation for the physical damage, the resultant sufferings, income loss due to loss of health and medical expenses. Even family members are entitled in some cases to seek damages. As the disease is detected usually after it has assumed gargantuan proportions, medical help may not be immensely successful. But monetary compensation from the employer or the government can act as a cushion to expenses incurred in diagnosis and treatment.

Mesothelioma is a deadly disease that affects the mesothelium, a protective coating on crucial organs like lungs, heart, abdomen, liver, etc. The thin fibers of asbestos cause some chemical reactions in the mesothelium cells, which result in abnormal division of these cells and the membrane becomes cancerous. Symptoms become visible only after the infection reaches our vital internal organs and by then, the situation would be too bad for effective recovery. The usual symptoms a mesothelioma patient may witness are difficulty in breathing, pain around the chest, continued cough, high fever and so on. In many cases, the cancer is detected when a physician conduct detailed tests for treating some other minor ailments like fever, pain and cough.

There are four stages of mesothelioma cancer. The first, the initial stage, is categorized as stage 1 and can be cured by local surgery. Stage 2 requires more aggressive tactics like surgery combined with medication and radiotherapy. Stage 3 and 4 patients are not so lucky because they would have to undergo prolonged treatment, and even then, the prognosis of mesothelioma is not too bright. The lifespan of a mesothelioma patient in advanced stages can be increased through modern therapies which include immunotherapy, photodynamic therapy and gene therapy.

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